First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy visits the Khyber Pass in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, at the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
(Image Credit: Cecil Stoughton/White House Photographs/John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum)
If the Kennedy presidency was Camelot, First Lady Jacqueline “Jackie” Kennedy was its queen. Her husband, President John F. Kenedy, represented the vitality of post-war America and its aspirations to reach new heights in all realms. For her part, Jackie brought a natural grace and style that was almost royal and atypical for Americans. And it is this image and these talents that she harnessed as a goodwill envoy on a two-week visit to India and Pakistan in March of 1962.
Though Eleanor Roosevelt was the first U.S. first lady to travel alone abroad, Jackie’s visit to South Asia unaccompanied by the president was still unusual for the time. Joined by her sister, Princess Lee Radziwill of Poland, Jackie’s purpose was to build American soft power in two pivotal, young states during the Cold War. The themes of fraternity and cooperation between the United States and a young Pakistan with great aspirations dominate this impressive 15-minute video on the trip, directed by documentary filmmaker Leo Seltzer and produced by the United States Information Service, which was, at the time, the lead public diplomacy arm of the U.S. government.
During her stay in Pakistan, Jackie’s tour included stops at the then-capital of Karachi, the ancient Mughal city of Lahore, and the border regions with Afghanistan. In Karachi, she visited the children’s wing of Jinnah Hospital and, along with her sister Lee, rode a camel. In Lahore, Jackie attended the city’s Horse and Cattle Show, where she was gifted a horse named Sultan by President Ayub Khan. A banquet was held in her honor at the Shalimar Gardens, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who is most famously known for the Taj Mahal. It was a banquet fit for a queen.
Addressing an audience at the Shalimar Gardens, Jackie said:
“I must say I’m profoundly impressed by the reverence which you in Pakistan have for your art, and for your culture, and for the use for which you make of it now. My own countrymen too have a pride in their traditions. So I think, as I stand in these gardens, which were built long before my country was born, that that’s more one thing that binds us together and which always will.